In recent years, interest for local energy production, supply and consumption has increased in academic and public debates. In particular, contemporary energy transition discourses and strategies often emphasize the search for increased local energy autonomy, a phrase which can refer to a diverse range of configurations, both in terms of the spaces and scales of the local territory considered and in terms of what is meant by energy autonomy.
This book explores policies, projects and processes aimed at increased local energy autonomy, with a particular focus on their spatial, infrastructural and political dimensions. In doing so, the authors – Sabine Barles, Bruno Barroca, Guilhem Blanchard, Benoit Boutaud, Arwen Colell, Gilles Debizet, Ariane Debourdeau, Laure Dobigny, Florian Dupont, Zélia Hampikian, Sylvy Jaglin, Allan Jones, Raphael Ménard, Alain Nadaï, Angela Pohlmann, Cyril Roger-Lacan, Eric Vidalenc – improve our understanding of the always partial and controversial processes of energy relocation that articulate forms of local metabolic self-sufficiency, socio-technical decentralization and political empowerment.
Comprising fifteen chapters, the book is divided into four parts: Governance and Actors; Urban Projects and Energy Systems; Energy Communities; and The Challenges of Energy Autonomy.
Part 1. Governance and Actors
1. Urban Planning and Energy: New Relationships, New Local Governance, Cyril Roger-Lacan.
2. Decentralized Energy and Cities: Tools and Levers for Urban Energy Decentralization, Allan Jones MBE.
3. The Third Industrial Revolution in Hauts-de-France: Moving Toward Energy Autonomy?, Eric Vidalenc.
4. Rethinking Reliability and Solidarity through the Prism of Interconnected Autonomies, Gilles Debizet.
Part 2. Urban Projects and Energy Systems
5. Critical Densities of Energy Self-sufficiency and Carbon Neutrality, Raphael Ménard.
6. What Autonomy is Available in the Design of Energy Solutions within French Urban Development Projects? The Example of District Heating,
7. Positive Energy and Networks: Local Energy Autonomy as a Vector for Controlling Flows, Zélia Hampikian.
8. From Energy Self-sufficiency to Trans-scalar Energy, Florian Dupont.
Part 3. Energy Communities
9. Sociotechnical Morphologies of Rural Energy Autonomy in Germany, Austria and France, Laure Dobigny.
10. Community Energy Projects Redefining Energy Distribution Systems: Examples from Berlin and Hamburg,
Arwen Dora Colell and Angela Pohlmann.
11. Autonomy and Energy Community: Realities to Reconsider?, Ariane Debourdeau and Alain Nadaï.
Part 4. The Challenges of Energy Autonomy
12. Regional Energy Self-sufficiency: a Legal Issue, Benoit Boutaud.
13. Electricity Autonomy and Power Grids in Africa: from Rural Experiments to Urban Hybridizations, Sylvy Jaglin.
14. Energy Self-sufficiency: an Ambition or a Condition for Urban Resilience?, Bruno Barroca.
15. Urban Metabolic Self-sufficiency: an Oxymoron or a Challenge?, Sabine Barles.
Fanny Lopez is Associate Professor at the École d’architecture de la ville et des territoires at Marne-la-Vallée, Paris-Est University, France.
Margot Pellegrino is Associate Professor at Marne-la-Vallée, Paris-Est University, France.
Olivier Coutard is a full-time CNRS Researcher at LATTS (Research Center on Technologies, Territories and Societies), Paris-Est University, France.
Table of Contents
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