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Infrared Observation of Earth’s Atmosphere
Spatial remote sensing, especially in the infrared spectral range, has boomed in recent years. This can be explained by the awareness of air pollution problems, such as poorer air quality or climate changes whose consequences are at the heart of issues in current society.
Thus, this book provides an overview of the characteristics and the role of spatial infrared remote sensing for studies of th...
Generalized Continuum Mechanics and Engineering Applications
The micro-structure of materials is an essential feature for the design of engineering structures with improved performances. In recent decades, a huge effort has been made to create new materials with specific microstructures and novel mechanical behaviors both in the static and dynamic regimes. Metamaterials show characteristics that cannot be found in natural materials and thereby have multiple...
In Situ Tests in Geotechnical Engineering
In situ geotechnical tests have long suffered from a lack of credibility amongst academics who have always preferred laboratory tests, where test conditions are known and optimal measures are controlled.
In this title, the author reinstates in situ geotechnical tests in the field of civil engineering by showing what they can do for our understanding of the mechanical quantities measured in the l...
Mobile Robotics presents the different tools and methods that enable the design of mobile robots; a discipline booming with the emergence of flying drones, underwater mine-detector robots, robot sailboats and robot vacuum cleaners.
This book presents the different tools and methods that enable the design of mobile robots. These generally autonomous systems are supervised by a human operator and a...
LTE and LTE Advanced
4G Network Radio Interface
The 4G mobile network is in constant deployment with its main objective being an increase in the rate over the radio interface with mobiles and in cell capacity.
This book presents a summary of the specifications relating to LTE (Long Term Evolution) and LTE Advanced radio interfaces, the protocols, the physical signals and channels, and the procedures.
The LTE radio interface was introduced...
High Performance Computing and the Discrete Element Model
Opportunity and Challenge
With recent advancements in computer science, parallelization of the discrete element model (DEM) has become much easier. By presenting a MATLAB® DEM code, DICE2D, this book presents a comprehensive guide to parallel implementation of the DEM on three popular parallel computing platforms: the multi-core PC, the GPU computer, and the cluster supercomputer.
The author addresses the high performance...
Heat and Moisture Transfer between Human Body and Environment
FOCUS Series in Fluid Mechanics
The concept of “comfort” has evolved over time to cover all aspects of human life, reaching beyond the initial idea of thermal comfort and protection of the human body in difficult working conditions.
The physical aspects of heat and humidity exchanges around the human body, in relation to the physiology, highlight multiple facets which are often incompatible with the current narrow specializat...
Physical Chemistry and Acid-Base Properties of Surfaces
FOCUS Series in Materials Science
The study of the wettability of surfaces is widely used in technological applications such as metal–polymer interfaces, water management in fuel cells, the problems of adsorption in microelectronics as well as the applications of electrowettability.
After a reminder of the properties of ideal and real surfaces, this book presents an analysis of the different components involved in the expressio...
Integration of Demand Response into the Electricity Chain
Challenges, Opportunities and Smart Grid Solutions
In the last two decades, the power industry has undergone unprecedented changes motivated by challenging environmental targets set out by governments worldwide, increasing requirements in terms of security of supply, and the need for making electricity more affordable to end customers in a market environment. The increasing share of renewable energy sources, such as wind and photovoltaics connecte...
Governance of Seas and Oceans
Seas and Oceans Set – Volume 8
The governance of seas and oceans, defined as all of the forms of participation of society in decision-making concerning the marine environment, is mainly seen here from a legal point of view with the law of the sea as the main driver. This book presents the main aspects of maritime law and the history of its construction. The use of living resources, minerals and marine energy reserves, marine ac...