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Decision-making and the Information System
Advances in Information Systems Set – Volume 3
The author of Decision-Making and the Information System analyzes the problems surrounding the engineering of decision support systems (DSS) by questioning the relationships these systems have with the decision-making process, the decision maker and the organization. While presenting the key elements of DSS (definitions, components, typologies, evolution, markets, tools, engineering methods), the ...
Information and Knowledge System
Advances in Information Systems Set – Volume 2
Most common definitions of the information system fail to clearly separate the notions of information and knowledge, and these terms are generally used quite loosely. This is particularly the case for projects dealing with digital information systems (DIS) using applications of Web 2.0 and big data.
This book presents the inherent risks linked to this ambiguity and studies the notion of the Enter...
E-Enabled Operations Management
Although the theory of operations management has been presented in many textbooks published over the last two decades, the subject of e-enabled operations management is rather short on Iiterature which is easily accessible to students. The purpose of this book is to expound the subject at an "intermediate" level. By intermediate, it is assumed that students are not specialists in mathematics and s...
Games with a Purpose (GWAPs)
FOCUS Series in Cognitive Science and Knowledge Management
Games with a Purpose (GWAPs) make it possible to collect data or solve problems that are too complex or too costly in terms of means to be solved by machines.These fun activities, which represent a type of serious gaming, are delicate to design since they must be both appealing and useful.
This book presents and analyzes GWAPs with specific themes (biology, medicine, automatic language process...
Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) are high-frequency mechanical systems which are fast and extremely sensitive at detecting minuscule forces or very low masses. These small devices are used to integrate electrical and mechanical functions on the nanoscale.
NEMS cover a large number of applications, ranging from signal processing to ultra-weak stimuli detection, and can form part of larger mic...
Multi-modality Cardiac Imaging
Processing and Analysis
This book presents current and emerging methods developed for the processing and analysis of multi-modality cardiac images from state-of-the-art imaging systems, especially cardiac ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray computed tomography (CT). The availability of multi-dimensional images (2D, 2D+t, 3D, 3D+t, etc.) allows for the quantitative assessment of the heart's shap...
Energy Storage in Electric Power Grids
The storage of electrical energy is a long-standing issue that has been only very partially resolved to date, particularly from an economic perspective. The development of renewable energies and the need for means of transport with reduced CO2 emissions have generated new interest in storage, which has become a key component of sustainable development. The aim of this book is to contribute to the ...
Al-based Energetic Nanomaterials
Design, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications
Over the past two decades, the rapid development of nanochemistry and nanotechnology has enabled the synthesis of various materials and oxides in the form of nanopowders, making it possible to produce new energetic compositions and nanomaterials.
This book has a bottom-up structure, moving from the synthesis of nanomaterials through to the fields of application. Starting from the synthesis of alu...
Dyes and Chromophores in Polymer Science
The design and development of dyes and chromophores has recently attracted much attention in various research fields such as materials, radiation curing, (laser) imaging, optics, medicine, microelectronics, nanotechnology, etc., and their use is widespread in polymer and materials science.
The authors of this book describe the basic principles and applications of dyes and chromophores within the ...
Guided Randomness in Optimization
Metaheuristics Set – Volume 1
Optimization metaheuristics proceed to “pot luck” as to whether to carry out certain choices or apply certain rules, for which they must use one or several random number generators (RNGs).
There are several types of RNG, from the truly random to the simply coded. They can be manipulated to produce specific distributions.The performances of an algorithm depend on the RNG used.
This book concern...